Surviving in cold, harsh conditions doesn’t have to be a daunting challenge. With the right skills and knowledge, you can construct a snow dugout that keeps you warm and safe. One of the most effective shelters you can build when snow falls is a dugout. In this article, we’ll guide you through each step of creating one for winter survival needs.
The initial step in setting up your dugout is to find an area that provides protection from wind and has a slope for water drainage. Avoid areas with trees or heavy snow loads as these could pose risks.
Once you’ve identified your location, begin digging. A suitable dugout should measure 7 feet long, 4 feet wide and 4 feet deep. Utilize a shovel or snow saw to cut blocks of snow from the hole and remove them with ease. Be sure to pile snow around the hole as this will help insulate the shelter.
Create a small entranceway measuring around two feet wide and two feet high. This will keep the cold air from entering your shelter. Dig it at an angle so snow doesn’t blow inside as easily.
It’s essential to provide ventilation in your dugout. Doing so will prevent carbon monoxide buildup from any heating sources. Dig a small vent near the top of the shelter and cover it with cloth to stop snow from entering.
Add an additional layer of insulation on the floor of the dugout. This could include a sleeping pad, foam pad or even pine branches. The bedding acts as insulation between you and the cold ground beneath you.
In order to stay warm, you’ll need a heat source. A candle, small stove or even body heat can provide warmth. Place the source in the middle of the shelter away from any walls or bedding and keep in mind that using any type of heat source in an enclosed space requires extreme caution.
Finally, construct a door for your dugout. Cover the entranceway with snow blocks or tarp and make sure it’s securely shut to keep out cold air.
In conclusion, creating a dugout in snow can be an effective way to stay warm and protected during harsh conditions. Make sure your dugout is chosen appropriately, dig an entranceway that is wide enough for ventilation, lay down insulation, use an efficient heat source, and construct an entrance door for access. By following these steps carefully, you can ensure your shelter provides warmth and protection during a bitterly cold blizzard.