Processing Chickens: A Step-by-Step Guide for Humane Slaughter and Butchering

Processing Chickens: A Step-by-Step Guide for Humane Slaughter and Butchering


Processing chickens and rabbits is an essential skill for any prepper or homesteader. Not only does it provide a source of fresh and sustainable meat, but it also allows you to take control of your food source and reduces your reliance on the grocery store. In this two-part series, we will cover the step-by-step process of processing chickens and rabbits, from humane slaughter to butchering and preserving the meat.

Part 1: Processing Chickens

1. Humane Slaughter

The first step in processing chickens is to ensure a humane slaughter. This is crucial not only for ethical reasons but also to ensure the quality of the meat. Here’s how to do it:

– Find a calm and clean area to perform the slaughter.
– Use a sharp knife or hatchet to sever the jugular vein, causing a quick and painless death.
– Hang the chicken upside down to allow the blood to drain out completely.

My 2 Cents:

It’s important to remember that slaughtering animals for food is a serious responsibility. Always approach this task with respect and compassion for the animal’s life. Additionally, make sure you follow local regulations and guidelines for humane slaughter.

2. Removing Feathers

Once the chicken has been slaughtered and bled out, the next step is to remove the feathers. Here are a few methods you can use:

– Scalding method: Dip the chicken in hot water (around 145°F) for a few seconds, then transfer it to a plucking device or pluck the feathers by hand.
– Dry plucking method: If scalding is not an option, you can try dry plucking. This method requires more time and effort but can still produce good results.

My 2 Cents:

To make the feather removal process easier, it’s recommended to process the chickens while they are still warm. Plucking feathers from a cold chicken can be much more challenging.

3. Evisceration

After the feathers have been removed, it’s time to eviscerate the chicken. This involves removing the internal organs and preparing the chicken for butchering. Here’s how to do it:

– Make a small incision around the vent area to expose the internal cavity.
– Carefully remove the organs, taking care not to puncture any of them.
– Save the organs you wish to use, such as the liver, heart, and gizzard, for cooking or feeding to other animals.

My 2 Cents:

Eviscerating a chicken requires precision and cleanliness. Make sure to wash your hands and tools thoroughly after handling the internal organs to avoid cross-contamination.

4. Butchering

Now that the chicken has been eviscerated, it’s time to butcher the meat into manageable cuts. Here’s a simple breakdown of the different parts:

– Breast: Cut along the breastbone to separate the chicken into two halves.
– Thighs and drumsticks: Cut around the joints to separate the thighs and drumsticks from the body.
– Wings: Cut at the joint to separate the wings from the body.

My 2 Cents:

Butchering a chicken can be intimidating for beginners, but with practice, it becomes easier. Invest in a good set of poultry shears or a sharp boning knife to make the process smoother.

5. Preserve the Meat

To ensure you have a steady supply of chicken meat, it’s important to preserve it properly. Here are a few methods you can use:

– Freezing: The most common method is to package the meat in airtight containers or freezer bags and freeze it.
– Canning: Pressure canning is a great way to preserve chicken meat for long periods without the need for refrigeration.
– Dehydrating: You can also dehydrate the chicken to make jerky or for later rehydration.

My 2 Cents:

When preserving chicken meat, always label your packages with the date and contents to keep track of freshness. Rotate your stock regularly to ensure you use the oldest packages first.


Processing chickens is a valuable skill for any prepper or homesteader. By following these steps, you can ensure a humane slaughter, efficiently remove feathers, eviscerate the chicken, butcher the meat, and properly preserve it for future use. Stay tuned for Part 2 of this series, where we will cover the process of processing rabbits.

Remember, learning these skills takes practice, so don’t get discouraged if you make mistakes along the way. With time and experience, you’ll become more proficient and self-reliant in processing your own meat.

My 2 Cents:

Processing your own chickens not only provides you with a sustainable source of meat but also gives you a better understanding and appreciation for the food you consume. Plus, there’s nothing quite like the satisfaction of enjoying a meal made from scratch, from the farm to your table. So roll up your sleeves, grab your tools, and start honing your chicken processing skills. You won’t regret it!