Video: Horizontal Mattress And Figure-Of-Eight Sutures
In emergency situations, knowing how to suture wounds can be a vital skill. Whether you find yourself in a survival scenario or simply want to be prepared for unexpected injuries, learning different suturing techniques can make a significant difference in your ability to provide effective medical care.
In this post, we will be discussing two commonly used suturing techniques: the horizontal mattress and figure-of-eight sutures. To help you understand these techniques better, we have included a helpful video tutorial that demonstrates each step in detail.
The Horizontal Mattress Suture
The horizontal mattress suture is a versatile technique that is particularly effective in closing wounds under tension or where precise alignment is required. It consists of two sets of bites, which pass through the skin on both sides of the wound, creating a “mattress” effect.
Here is a step-by-step guide on how to perform a horizontal mattress suture:
1. Clean the wound thoroughly with an antiseptic solution.
2. Use a sterile needle and suture material (such as nylon or silk) to create an anchor stitch at one end of the wound.
3. Begin by taking a bite on one side of the wound, approximately 1/4 inch away from the edge. Make sure to pass the needle through the full thickness of the skin.
4. Bring the suture out on the opposite side of the wound, at the same distance from the wound edge.
5. Take another bite on the same side as the initial bite, but this time, place it approximately 1/8 inch away from the edge.
6. Pass the needle through the skin, bringing it out on the opposite side, again at the same distance from the edge.
7. Repeat steps 5 and 6 until you reach the other end of the wound, creating a “mattress” pattern.
8. Tie off the suture securely at the end, ensuring proper tension to close the wound effectively.
My 2 Cents
When using the horizontal mattress suture technique, it is essential to maintain even tension across the wound. This technique is particularly useful for closing wounds in high-tension areas, such as the back or joints. Additionally, using an absorbable suture material can reduce the need for suture removal.
The Figure-Of-Eight Suture
The figure-of-eight suture is commonly used to close wounds in areas where tension is minimal. It is especially effective in areas where a straight-line closure would be difficult to achieve, such as irregularly shaped wounds or wounds near joints.
To perform a figure-of-eight suture, follow these steps:
1. Clean the wound and prepare the necessary sterile materials.
2. Begin by anchoring the suture on one side of the wound.
3. Take a bite on the opposite side of the wound, crossing over the wound in a figure-eight pattern.
4. Pass the needle through the skin on the initial side of the wound, creating a loop.
5. Bring the needle back through the loop, securing the suture in place.
6. Repeat the process, alternating sides of the wound, until the entire wound is closed.
7. Tie off the suture securely, ensuring proper tension.
My 2 Cents
The figure-of-eight suture technique is valuable for closing wounds with irregular contours. It provides stability and promotes healing by bringing the wound edges together. However, it is important to avoid excessive tension when tying the suture to prevent tissue strangulation.
Mastering different suturing techniques, such as the horizontal mattress and figure-of-eight sutures, can significantly enhance your ability to provide effective wound care in emergency situations. While it is always advisable to seek professional medical assistance when available, being prepared with basic medical skills can be life-saving when faced with limited resources or in remote locations.
Remember, practicing these techniques in a controlled setting and under the guidance of a medical professional is crucial. Regularly reviewing and refreshing your skills will help you maintain proficiency and confidence in suturing wounds when it matters most.
My 2 Cents
Investing in a well-equipped first aid kit and taking courses on basic wound care and suturing techniques can greatly enhance your preparedness. Remember to include suture removal kits in your supplies for safe removal of non-absorbable sutures.
Watch the video tutorial below to see the horizontal mattress and figure-of-eight sutures being performed:
[Insert video here]
Stay prepared, stay informed, and stay safe!
Prepper Website: [Insert link to the original article here]