How Humans Can Use Mountains During a Disaster

How Humans Can Use Mountains During a Disaster

How Humans Can Use Mountains During a Disaster


During a disaster, whether natural or man-made, the topography of the land plays a crucial role in shaping the response and survival strategies. One such natural form of land that can greatly assist humans during a disaster is mountains. With their towering peaks and rugged terrain, mountains can provide a range of benefits that can aid in survival. In this article, we will explore how humans can utilize mountains during a disaster and maximize their chances of survival.

Water Sources

One of the most important resources for survival is water. During a disaster, access to clean drinking water becomes even more critical. Mountains are often rich in water sources, such as rivers, streams, and springs. The height and slopes of mountains facilitate the natural flow of water, creating an abundant supply. Here are some tips on utilizing mountain water sources:

1. Locate water sources

– Look for signs of flowing water, such as the sound of running water or lush vegetation.
– Keep an eye out for animal tracks, as animals are often drawn to water sources.
– Use a topographic map or GPS device to find nearby rivers, streams, or springs.

2. Filter and purify water

Even if the water in mountain sources appears clean, it is always wise to filter and purify it before drinking. Here are a few methods for treating mountain water:

– Use a portable water filter or purifier to remove sediment and harmful microorganisms.
– Boil the water for at least 1 minute to kill any bacteria or parasites.
– If no other options are available, use water purification tablets or drops according to the instructions.


Mountains offer a variety of natural shelters that can be utilized during a disaster. These shelters can provide protection from extreme weather conditions and wild animals. Here are some options for utilizing mountain shelters:

1. Caves and rock overhangs

Caves and rock overhangs can serve as excellent natural shelters in mountainous regions. When using these shelters, keep the following tips in mind:

– Inspect the area for signs of animal activity before entering.
– Clear any debris or potential hazards from the entrance.
– Set up bedding and insulation to create a comfortable sleeping area.

2. Tree canopies

In forested mountain areas, tree canopies can provide excellent shelter from rain and harsh sunlight. Consider the following tips when utilizing tree canopies as shelters:

– Choose healthy, sturdy trees with thick foliage for better protection.
– Use tree branches or vines to create a makeshift roof for additional rain protection.
– Clear any dead branches or debris from the area to avoid accidents.

Food Sources

During a disaster, access to food can become limited. However, mountains offer a variety of natural food sources that can supplement your survival rations. Here are some tips on utilizing mountain food sources:

1. Foraging for edible plants

Mountains are often home to a diverse range of edible plants. However, it’s essential to have proper knowledge and identification skills before consuming any wild plants. Consider the following tips when foraging for edible plants:

– Learn to identify common edible plants in the area before a disaster occurs.
– Avoid plants with characteristics similar to poisonous ones, and always cross-reference multiple sources.
– Start with small samples when trying a new plant and observe any potential adverse reactions.

2. Fishing in mountain streams

Mountain streams are often teeming with fish, providing a reliable source of protein. Here are a few tips on fishing in mountain streams:

– Use improvised fishing equipment such as hooks, lines, and bait made from available materials.
– Look for deep pools or slower-moving sections of the stream, as fish tend to gather there.
– Avoid excessive disturbance to the stream, as this can scare away fish.


Navigating through mountains can be challenging, especially during a disaster. However, with proper knowledge and preparation, mountains can also act as navigational aids. Here are some tips for navigating using mountains:

1. Use landmarks

Mountains often have distinct features that can help with navigation. Look for unique rock formations, landmarks, or visible peaks that can serve as reference points.

2. Observe natural indicators

Mountains can provide natural indicators of direction, such as the direction of streams or the position of the sun. Paying attention to these natural cues can help you stay on the right path.

3. Carry a compass and map

Having a compass and a topographic map of the area is crucial for navigating through mountains. Learn how to use a compass and familiarize yourself with the map symbols before venturing into mountainous terrain.

My 2 Cents

Mountains can be both a challenge and a blessing during a disaster. While they can provide valuable resources such as water, shelter, and food, they also present navigational challenges. It is essential to have the necessary knowledge and skills to take full advantage of what mountains have to offer. Remember to always carry essential survival gear, such as a compass, water filter, and proper navigation tools when exploring mountainous regions. Stay prepared, stay vigilant, and mountains could become your ally in times of need.