25 Things Turkeys Can Eat and 7 Things They Cannot

25 Things Turkeys Can Eat and 7 Things They Cannot

## 25 Things Turkeys Can Eat and 7 Things They Cannot

Turkeys are fascinating creatures that have been domesticated for thousands of years. Whether you are raising turkeys on a farm or simply observing them in the wild, it’s important to know what foods are safe for turkeys to eat and what foods should be avoided. In this article, we will explore 25 things that turkeys can eat and 7 things that they should avoid.

### What Turkeys Can Eat

1. **Grains**: Turkeys are fond of a variety of grains, including corn, wheat, barley, and oats. These can be fed to turkeys in the form of pellets or mixed with their regular feed.

2. **Seeds**: Turkeys enjoy eating a variety of seeds, such as sunflower, pumpkin, and flax seeds. These can be scattered on the ground as a treat for the turkeys.

3. **Fruits**: Turkeys can safely consume a wide range of fruits, such as apples, grapes, peaches, and berries. Make sure to remove any seeds or pits from the fruits before feeding them to the turkeys.

4. **Vegetables**: Turkeys can eat a variety of vegetables, including leafy greens, carrots, cucumbers, and tomatoes. It’s important to chop the vegetables into small, bite-sized pieces for the turkeys to easily consume.

5. **Insects**: Turkeys are natural foragers and enjoy eating insects such as earthworms, beetles, and grasshoppers. Allowing turkeys to roam in a natural environment will provide them with ample opportunities to find and eat insects.

6. **Nuts**: Turkeys can safely consume nuts, such as peanuts, almonds, and walnuts. Make sure to crush or break the nuts into smaller pieces before feeding them to the turkeys.

7. **Berries**: Turkeys have a sweet tooth for berries like strawberries, blueberries, and raspberries. These can be a great treat for turkeys, especially during the summer months when berries are abundant.

8. **Garden Scraps**: Turkeys can eat a variety of scraps from your garden, such as lettuce leaves, carrot tops, and cabbage leaves. Just make sure to wash these scraps thoroughly before feeding them to the turkeys.

9. **Grass**: Turkeys enjoy grazing on grass and it can be a good source of nutrition for them. Make sure the grass is free from pesticides or any harmful chemicals.

10. **Cooked Rice**: Turkeys can eat cooked rice, but make sure it is plain and not seasoned with any spices or additives that may be harmful to them.

11. **Cooked Meat**: While turkeys are primarily herbivores, they can consume small amounts of cooked meat as a source of protein. However, it should not be a primary part of their diet.

12. **Eggs**: Turkeys can eat eggs, but it’s best to provide them with cooked eggs rather than raw. Cooked eggs are a good source of protein for turkeys.

13. **Fish**: Turkeys can eat fish, but it should be cooked and deboned. Fish can be a good source of omega-3 fatty acids for turkeys.

14. **Worms and Larvae**: Turkeys enjoy hunting and eating worms and larvae. These can be found in the soil or decaying organic matter.

15. **Cracked Corn**: Cracked corn is a popular feed for turkeys and can be easily digestible for them. It can also serve as a tasty treat.

16. **Oatmeal**: Turkeys can eat oatmeal, especially if it’s mixed with other grains or fruits. It provides them with a good source of carbohydrates.

17. **Mealworms**: Mealworms are a great source of protein for turkeys. They can be purchased at pet stores or online.

18. **Grit**: Turkeys need grit in their diet to help them digest food properly. Grit can be provided in the form of small stones or commercially available grit supplements.

19. **Bread**: Turkeys can eat bread, but it should be given in moderation as it is not a natural part of their diet. Make sure the bread is not moldy or stale.

20. **Herbs**: Turkeys can enjoy a variety of herbs, such as basil, parsley, and dill. These can provide additional flavor and nutrients to their diet.

21. **Beetles and Grubs**: Turkeys love hunting for beetles and grubs in the soil. These insects are a good source of protein for them.

22. **Millet**: Millet is a small, nutritious grain that turkeys can enjoy. It can be mixed with their regular feed or offered as a treat.

23. **Cooked Vegetables**: Turkeys can eat cooked vegetables, such as sweet potatoes, green beans, and peas. Make sure the vegetables are soft and easy to eat.

24. **Squash**: Turkeys can eat various types of squash, including zucchini, butternut squash, and acorn squash. These can be chopped into small pieces for the turkeys to eat.

25. **Mushrooms**: Turkeys can safely consume certain types of mushrooms, such as white button mushrooms and cremini mushrooms. However, it’s best to avoid feeding them wild mushrooms, as some can be toxic.

### What Turkeys Cannot Eat

1. **Avocado**: Avocado contains a toxin called persin, which is harmful to turkeys. It can cause heart damage and respiratory distress.

2. **Onions and Garlic**: Onions and garlic contain compounds that can be toxic to turkeys and cause digestive issues.

3. **Chocolate**: Chocolate contains theobromine, which is toxic to turkeys. It can cause various health issues, including heart problems and seizures.

4. **Caffeine**: Caffeine is harmful to turkeys and can cause similar symptoms as chocolate toxicity, including heart problems and seizures.

5. **Alcohol**: Alcohol is toxic to turkeys and can cause damage to their liver and other organs.

6. **Salty Foods**: Turkeys should avoid consuming salty foods, as it can cause dehydration and kidney problems.

7. **Processed Foods**: Processed foods, such as chips, cookies, and fast food, should be avoided as they are high in unhealthy fats, sugars, and artificial additives.

It’s important to remember that while turkeys can eat a wide range of foods, their diet should be balanced and consist primarily of grains, fruits, vegetables, and insects. It’s also crucial to provide clean, fresh water at all times for turkeys to stay hydrated.

## My 2 Cents

Feeding turkeys a well-balanced diet plays a significant role in their health and overall well-being. By offering a variety of foods, you can ensure that turkeys receive the necessary nutrients for their growth and development. Remember to always provide clean and fresh food, as spoiled or moldy food can be harmful to turkeys. Furthermore, try to incorporate natural foraging opportunities to stimulate their natural behaviors. By following these guidelines, you can enjoy observing healthy and happy turkeys in your care.