13 Effective Ways to Keep Groundhogs Out of Raised Beds

13 Effective Ways to Keep Groundhogs Out of Raised Beds

13 Ways To Keep Groundhogs out of Raised Beds


Groundhogs, also known as woodchucks, can be a nuisance for gardeners, especially when they start digging into your raised beds and munching on all your hard work. These furry creatures are skilled diggers and can quickly damage your crops. But fear not! In this article, we will explore 13 effective ways to keep groundhogs out of your raised beds and protect your garden.

1. Install a Fence

One of the most effective ways to keep groundhogs out of your raised beds is by installing a fence around your garden. Make sure the fence is buried at least one foot deep to prevent these critters from tunneling underneath it. Opt for a fence with small mesh size, around 1 inch, to prevent groundhogs from squeezing through. Additionally, make sure the fence is at least 4 feet tall to keep them from climbing over.

My 2 Cents:

Consider using metal or wire mesh for your fence, as groundhogs have strong teeth and can chew through weaker materials such as plastic or wood. Regularly inspect the fence for any holes or weak spots that the groundhogs may exploit.

2. Use Raised Bed Covers

Another effective way to protect your raised beds from groundhogs is by using covers. These covers can be made from materials such as bird netting or lightweight fabric. They act as a physical barrier and prevent groundhogs from accessing your crops. Make sure the covers are secured tightly over your raised beds to keep the groundhogs out.

My 2 Cents:

When using covers, be mindful of ventilation and sunlight needs of your plants. Opt for materials that allow air and sunlight to pass through while still keeping groundhogs at bay.

3. Create a Barrier with Chicken Wire

Chicken wire can be a great deterrent for groundhogs. Install chicken wire around the perimeter of your raised beds, burying it at least 12 inches deep into the ground and extending it at least 3 feet above the ground. This prevents the groundhogs from digging underneath or climbing over the wire.

My 2 Cents:

To make it even more effective, bend the top of the chicken wire outward at a 45-degree angle to make it harder for groundhogs to climb over. Make sure to secure the wire tightly to prevent any gaps.

4. Use Motion-Activated Sprinklers

Motion-activated sprinklers are a humane and effective way to deter groundhogs from your raised beds. These sprinklers detect movement and release a jet of water, scaring away the groundhogs. Set them up strategically around your garden, focusing on areas where groundhogs are likely to enter.

My 2 Cents:

Be sure to regularly check the batteries and adjust the sensitivity of the motion sensors to ensure maximum effectiveness. Additionally, position the sprinklers at different angles to cover a larger area.

5. Install Ultrasonic Devices

Ultrasonic devices emit high-frequency sounds that are inaudible to humans but annoying to groundhogs. Place these devices near your raised beds to deter groundhogs from approaching. The sound waves will create an uncomfortable environment for them, encouraging them to stay away.

My 2 Cents:

It’s important to note that ultrasonic devices may not work for all groundhogs, as some may become accustomed to the sounds over time. Combine this method with other deterrents for better results.

6. Incorporate Natural Predators

Introducing natural predators into your garden can help control the groundhog population. Encourage the presence of predators such as foxes, hawks, or owls by creating habitats for them. Providing nesting boxes or perches can attract these animals and encourage them to hunt in your garden.

My 2 Cents:

Research the natural predators in your area and choose ones that are known to prey on groundhogs. Be aware that introducing predators can have unintended consequences, so assess the potential impact on other wildlife before proceeding.

7. Use Spices as Repellents

Certain spices and strong-smelling substances can act as natural repellents for groundhogs. Sprinkle or spray substances like cayenne pepper, garlic powder, or peppermint oil around your raised beds. The strong scents will deter groundhogs from approaching and potentially damaging your crops.

My 2 Cents:

Reapply the spices or repellents after rain or heavy watering, as they may wash away. Experiment with different scents to find the most effective one for your garden.

8. Plant Groundhog-Resistant Crops

Another way to discourage groundhogs from invading your raised beds is by planting crops they find unappealing. Groundhogs tend to avoid plants with strong aromas or prickly textures. Consider planting crops such as onions, garlic, marigolds, or plants from the mint family. These plants can act as natural deterrents for groundhogs.

My 2 Cents:

Intermixing groundhog-resistant crops with your desired crops can help protect your entire garden. Additionally, consider planting a sacrificial garden away from your raised beds, filled with groundhog-favorite plants, to divert their attention.

9. Keep Your Garden Clean and Tidy

Maintaining a clean and tidy garden can help discourage groundhogs from taking up residence. Remove any debris, fallen fruits, or vegetables that can attract these critters. Groundhogs are less likely to stick around if there is no readily available food source.

My 2 Cents:

Regularly inspect your garden and pick up any fruits or vegetables that have fallen from your plants. Clear away any brush or piles of leaves that groundhogs may use as hiding spots.

10. Make Noise and Vibrations

Groundhogs are skittish creatures that prefer quiet and undisturbed areas. By creating noise and vibrations around your garden, you can deter them from invading your raised beds. Use wind chimes, create loud clapping sounds, or play a portable radio near the garden to disrupt their peace.

My 2 Cents:

Change the location of the noise source periodically to prevent groundhogs from getting used to it. Consider using a motion-activated sound device that emits loud noises or predator calls whenever movement is detected.

11. Install Buried Barriers

Buried barriers can be an effective way to keep groundhogs from tunneling underneath your raised beds. Dig a trench around the perimeter of your beds and insert a material that is resistant to groundhog digging, such as hardware cloth or sheet metal. Make sure the barrier extends at least 1 foot below ground level.

My 2 Cents:

When installing buried barriers, remember to leave a small overhang at the top to prevent groundhogs from simply climbing over it. Regularly inspect the barriers to ensure they haven’t been compromised.

12. Use Live Traps

If all else fails, using live traps can be an effective way to capture groundhogs and relocate them away from your garden. Choose an appropriate-sized trap and bait it with enticing foods such as fresh fruits or vegetables. Once trapped, safely relocate the groundhog to a more suitable habitat.

My 2 Cents:

Check with your local regulations regarding the relocation of wildlife. Ensure you release the groundhog in an area where it won’t cause harm to other gardens or property.

13. Seek Professional Help

If you’re facing a groundhog invasion that you can’t handle on your own, don’t hesitate to seek professional help. Pest control experts are equipped with knowledge and tools to effectively deal with groundhog problems. They can assess your situation and recommend the best course of action.

My 2 Cents:

Consider preventative measures and DIY options first before resorting to professional help, as it can be costly. However, if the groundhog problem persists and poses a threat to your garden, seeking professional assistance is a viable solution.


Groundhogs can wreak havoc on your raised beds, but with the right strategies and precautions, you can keep them at bay. Incorporate a combination of deterrents, such as fences, covers, repellents, and natural predators, to protect your garden. Remember to keep your garden clean, create vibrations and noise, and consider using live traps as a last resort. By implementing these 13 ways to keep groundhogs out of your raised beds, you can ensure your garden thrives without the interference of these pesky pests.

My 2 Cents: Groundhogs may be persistent, so it’s important to be consistent with your chosen deterrent methods. Combining multiple strategies will increase your chances of success. Stay vigilant and regularly inspect your garden for any signs of groundhog activity. Happy gardening!