Wood is an excellent resource for heating and cooking, especially in a survival situation where power may be unavailable. However, not all types of wood are suitable for burning. In fact, there are several types of wood that you should never burn due to various reasons such as toxicity, poor burning properties, or damage to your fireplace or stove. In this article, we will explore 12 types of wood that are best avoided when it comes to burning.
1. Poison Ivy, Oak, and Sumac
These plants are notorious for causing skin irritation and allergic reactions in humans. Burning them can release the toxic oils present in their leaves, stems, and roots, which can result in severe respiratory problems. It’s best to steer clear of burning any wood from these plants.
2. Plywood and Pressed Wood
Plywood and pressed wood are often treated with chemicals that can release harmful fumes when burned. These fumes can be detrimental to your health, so it’s advisable to avoid burning any wood products that contain glue, formaldehyde, or other synthetic compounds.
3. Treated or Painted Wood
Wood that has been treated with chemicals, such as pressure-treated lumber or painted wood, should not be burned. These woods can release toxic substances when burned, posing health risks to you and those around you. It’s essential to properly dispose of these types of wood rather than using them for fuel.
While driftwood may seem like a convenient source of fuel, it should be avoided for burning. Driftwood often contains salt and can produce corrosive emissions when burned. The salt can damage your fireplace or stove, leading to costly repairs or replacements.
5. Green or Wet Wood
Burning green or wet wood can be extremely inefficient and produce excessive smoke. Green wood contains a significant amount of moisture, which makes it difficult to ignite and burn efficiently. The excessive smoke can create poor indoor air quality and even result in creosote build-up in your chimney, increasing the risk of chimney fires.
6. Softwoods with High Resin Content
Softwoods such as pine, fir, spruce, and cedar can release creosote when burned. Creosote is a highly flammable substance that can accumulate in your chimney and increase the risk of chimney fires. If you must burn softwoods, make sure they are properly seasoned and dried to minimize creosote production.
Oleander is a beautiful flowering plant, but its wood should never be burned. It contains toxic compounds that can cause severe poisoning when inhaled. The smoke from burning oleander can irritate the respiratory system, leading to shortness of breath, coughing, and even chest pain.
8. Poison Sumac
Similar to poison ivy and oak, poison sumac should be avoided for burning due to its toxic properties. Inhaling the smoke from burning poison sumac can cause severe respiratory distress and put your health at risk.
9. Black Walnut
Black walnut wood contains a chemical called juglone, which is toxic to many plants. When burned, juglone can be released in the smoke, which can harm your health and the health of nearby vegetation.
Eucalyptus wood can spark and release volatile oils when burned, posing a fire hazard. The oils can also create a strong, pungent odor that may be overwhelming.
While cedar is a popular wood for construction and outdoor furniture, it should not be burned for heat or cooking. Burning cedar produces a lot of smoke and can release chemicals that can irritate your respiratory system.
12. Cherry, Plum, and Other Fruit Trees
Fruit tree wood, such as cherry or plum, may produce a strong, sweet aroma when burned. However, it can also release harmful substances into the air, including cyanide. It’s best to save the wood from fruit trees for other purposes, such as woodworking or crafting.
In conclusion, when it comes to using wood for heating and cooking, it is crucial to be selective about the types of wood you burn. Some woods can release toxic substances when burned, while others may damage your fireplace or stove. By being aware of these 12 types of wood to avoid, you can ensure a safer and more efficient burning experience.
My 2 Cents:
When it comes to survival situations, knowing which types of wood to burn and which to avoid can make a significant difference. By avoiding burning toxic woods or those that can damage your equipment, you can stay safe and ensure a more efficient burn. Remember to always properly season and dry your wood, regardless of the type, to minimize smoke and creosote production. Stay informed and make smart choices when it comes to choosing your firewood.